Brown and Brothers

A while back I came across a spoon that had the most intricate aesthetic design that I had ever seen.  It was a small spoon, what was called a coffee spoon back in the late 1800s, a demitasse spoon now.  It had images of ferns, bamboo, butterflies and fans, both front and back of the handle.  Everything a good Aesthetic Period piece of art should have. Because it was such a small spoon and the design was so intricate, you really had to look at it with a magnifying glass or, better yet, a loop. As I looked at the magnified image of the back of the handle, to my surprise I found a British registration mark, called a “kite” mark by some.

I was familiar with these marks.  They were often found on the backs of  transferware and the “kite” shape British registration mark was used between 1842 and 1883.  This was the first time I had seen this mark on a piece of flatware.  The following photo shows the mark on my spoon next to a mark on a piece of transferware:

British Registration Marks on Pottery and Flatware

British Registration Marks on Pottery and Flatware

There was no maker’s mark on my spoon, just the registration mark.  Even under magnification, it was not easy to read.  I have not as yet identified the manufacturer with any certainty.  If anyone has information about this pattern, I’d be happy to hear from you.  Following are additional photos of the handle design, both front and back:

Top Front of Handle

Top Front of Handle

A round Japonesque style fan dominates the top front of the handle with a bird below it and flora all around.

Bottom Front

Bottom Front

The front design stretches all the way down the handle to the bowl.

Back Top

Back Top

The back of the handle is no less beautiful than the front.  There is a fan at the top with a butterfly below it to the left, as well as flowers and bamboo stalks.

Entire Back

Entire Back

Ferns and flowers reach all the way to the back of the bowl.

UPDATE: I believe the kite mark showed the date May 31, 1880.  I also believe that the patent could possibly be assigned to William Gallimore and Co.

1880 British Patents Journal

1880 Commissioner of British Patents’ Journal

This pattern has been found in a Joseph Rodgers and Sons catalog circa 1900; they called the pattern “Japanese”.  Apparently this pattern was made by various manufacturers:

1900-catalog-rodgers-josephrodgers-sons-sheffield-pg160

Circa 1900 Joseph Rodgers & Sons, Sheffield, England Catalog pg160

I have found a couple other pieces to add to my collection:

My Collection

My Collection

I’m sure you are wondering what any of this has to do with the subject of this post, Brown and Brothers.  Well, one day I saw the image of a Brown & Bros. spoon on the internet and it had a British registration mark on the back of the handle!  I had assumed that my little spoon was manufactured in England.  Now I discovered that an American manufacturer had obtained a British registration mark and stamped it on his flatware.  As my search continued for more Brown & Bros. flatware, I learned that apparently it was the same registration mark being used on multiple designs.  I was stumped.  Why would that be?  And then I found the answer.  The British registration was not for the individual pattern, it was for the shape of the handle as it came up from the bowl…a roundish shape that then flattened out as it went further up the handle.

British Design Registration June 8 1876

British Design Registration June 8 1876

The British registration had been obtained for the design patented by Le Roy S. White in 1876 as follows:

1876 Patent 9311 Le Roy S. White

1876 Patent 9311 Le Roy S. White

Following is the specification for Patent 9311, showing it was assigned to Brown & Brothers of Waterbury, Connecticut:

Patent 9311 Specification

Patent 9311 Specification

I was so impressed with the fact that Brown & Bros. had obtained a British registration mark for the shape of their handles, that I wanted to learn more about them. 

Factory Certificate Trade Mark

Factory Certificate Trade Mark

Following is a very well written and informative article from an 1896 publication, The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Vol. 2:

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg343

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg343

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg344

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg344

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg344a

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg344a

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg344b

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg344b

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg345

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg345

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg346

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg346

And the last page:

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg347

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg347

This post would not be complete without discussing Le Roy S. White, the designer of the handle registered in England.  Le Roy (sometimes spelled Leroy) was not only an extremely talented designer but also a designer of various articles with both mechanical  and electrical applications.  He has been discussed several times elsewhere in other posts in this blog.  The following comes from the same 1896 publication as referenced above.

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg385

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg385

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg385a

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg385a

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg386

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg386

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg387

1896 The Town and City of Waterbury, Connecticut, Volume 2 pg387

Following are a couple of Mr. White’s flatware design patents:

1875 8571 Brown&Bros L.White 1875

1875 Patent 8571 Brown&Bros L.White

Specification for Patent 8571 (which looks remarkably similar to the “Olive” pattern):

1875 8571a Brown&Bros L.White 1875

1875 Patent 8571a Brown&Bros L.White

And this 1876 patent:

1876 009344 Brown&Bro LeRoy White

1876 Patent 009344 Brown & Bro. LeRoy White

And the specification:

1876 009344a Brown&Bro LeRoy White 1876

1876 Patent 009344a Brown&Bro LeRoy White

Following are images of various flatware patterns manufactured by Brown and Brothers:

Some Patterns

Some Patterns

Following is a bar spoon manufactured by Brown & Bros.:

Brown & Bros. Bar Spoon

Brown & Bros. Bar Spoon

This spoon doesn’t have the British registration mark:

Back of Bar Spoon

Back of Bar Spoon

But the shape of the handle is the same as patented by Le Roy White for which the British registration mark was obtained.  This bar spoon is available at my Etsy shop:  https://www.etsy.com/shop/queenofsienna

 
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