Patent, Patent…Who Has The Patent?

I was doing some research on Hall, Elton & Co. and came upon an ad for a pattern name I did not know.  The ad referred to the spoon illustrated as “The Niagara”.  The design looked familiar.  Upon comparison, it appeared to be the same as photos I had seen of flatware called “Angelo aka Saratoga”.  Now it just so happens, that I had been searching for the “Angelo / Saratoga” patent for quite awhile without success.  In the ad below, it says “patented”.  Did Hall, Elton patent this design?  Could it possibly be by Frederick Waterhouse, who had designed other patterns for Hall, Elton?  Anyway, below is the ad:

1882 The Independent Vol.34 pg.xxi

1882 The Independent Vol.34 pg.xxi

In an attempt to further research this pattern, I checked my books and online resources and found that it was called by several names in addition to Angelo / Saratoga.  I now knew that Hall, Elton advertised this pattern as Niagara.  I seemed to remember seeing a Youths Companion with a premium listing that mentioned the Angelo pattern.

1885 Youths Companion  Vol.72 pg.450

1885 Youths Companion Vol.72 pg.450

So Holmes and Edwards called this Angelo.  But in looking closely at the details of this pattern in comparison with that of Niagara, I noted several differences.  It seemed that I had an image somewhere of Saratoga and I wanted to compare that with the other two.  Below is that image:

1887 Facts Vol.6 June pg.10

1887 Facts Vol.6 June pg.10

This is from a periodical called “Facts” from 1887 showing one page of Wm. Rogers Mfg. premium offerings.  Saratoga is the same as Niagara but differs from Angelo.  Next are details from the three ads above:

1882 1885 1887

So far we see that there is a pattern called Angelo that differs from a pattern called Saratoga. The Angelo pattern has a number of different design details that vary depending on the manufacturer and or the utensil. This happens often in other patterns.

Saratoga Angelo Warwick

Saratoga Angelo Warwick

The last pattern above is often confused with the other two and may, in fact, be the pattern that was patented.  Warwick was manufactured by both Luther Boardman and Aurora.  Maybe Luther Boardman has the patent that covers all of these designs.  These three patterns are very similar but they are different.  And if you want to talk about different, let’s talk about Tufts interpretation of the design:

1897 Tufts Catalog pg.47

1897 Tufts Catalog pg.47

The image above is a photo from Tufts 1897 catalog.  They call this pattern Angelo. Looks like it’s backwards to me.

So we’ve learned that there is no Angelo aka Saratoga.  But there is a Niagara aka Saratoga. Angelo and Saratoga are quite different and should be respected for their differences. 

Does anyone know if there is a patent for one of these designs?


This entry was posted in Angelo / Saratoga, Angelo aka Saratoga, Angelo pattern, Angelo/Saratoga, Aurora, Hall Elton, holmes & edwards, L. Boardman, luther boardman, Niagara pattern, Saratoga patterns, Tufts, Warwick pattern, Wm. Rogers Mfg. and tagged , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Patent, Patent…Who Has The Patent?

  1. Ginene Nagel says:

    The fish-knife and pie-knife are so gorgeous with their Aesthetic Movement design. Your research shows how closely these companies watched each other and how fiercely they competed. I look up patents using Google Patent. I used it last week when I was trying to determine if a grinder I had in the shop was for pitting cherries. I went to Google Patent, typed the year and the name of the company and up it popped first thing with details and drawings. The company only registered two patents that year so it was easy to find.

  2. KerryCan says:

    This is all so confusing! I, of course, didn’t even realize an aesthetic design could be patented. I can see the differences in the designs–and I like them all. I wonder which company came up with the off-center/floral/banded design concept first.

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