Just as there were often variations of a particular design on sterling and silverplate flatware in America during the 19th Century, in England during that same time period there were also variations of certain transferware patterns on pottery. Some of these variations most likely were as a result of the whim of the person applying the transfer print sections on a vessel. Like “I think this palm would look nice here, and this egret would look good here and this cartouche would work well over here” type thing. But there are other patterns that appear to have completely different design variations for each type of piece. Take for example Ridgway, Sparks & Ridgway’s “Yeddo” pattern. This pattern dates to April 17, 1878, Registration No. 320568-9. The “diamond mark” for this pattern is shown below. The diamond shaped mark was used in England from 1842 to 1883; then in 1884 a number system was used. These marks were registered in the British Patent office. The different letters and numbers within the mark were codes for the month, year, date and material type.
Shown below are seven different types of pieces in this Ridgway, Sparks & Ridgway “Yeddo” pattern. They all have similar banding and borders as well as Oriental themes. But each piece has a different primary design.
The large pitcher has two men and a bird set amongst gardens and temples.
The plate has a young boy playing with two birds near a pagoda type structure.
The sugar bowl has a young man catching a fish.
The creamer has two men with a bow and arrows.
The shallow bowl appears to show two youths flying kites. A bird shaped kite is in the air and a fish shaped kite is laying on the ground.
The saucer shows two children with a duck.
And the cup depicts two men harvesting mushrooms.
I don’t know how many individual shapes were made in this “Yeddo” pattern. Based on the representative sampling shown here, I’m thinking that it is most likely that each different shape had its own unique design. Quite an industrious undertaking by Ridgway, Sparks & Ridgway! The artist (or artists) who created these designs is unknown to me. I have not been successful (so far) in locating a source to find this information within British databases. If anyone reading this has any helpful information they’d like to share, please feel free to comment!
UPDATE: A reader provided me with the following images:
He said: “Please find attached photos of Dudson/RSR teapot. Note the typical Dudson franctional number on the base. I also attach a photo of an eight inch Dudson cache pot with what I think is another “Yeddo” pattern; the cartouche shape is identical to several Yeddo patterns I have seen. This one for some reason is marked Denmark.”
Until I received this information, I had not realized that Dudson “Ebony” Jetware was made in the Yeddo pattern.